When we bring them into an enclosure of any type, then it can have a direct and adverse impact on their health. When they go to a zoo, what they are seeing is that it is okay for people to put animals into enclosures for entertainment purposes. Most zoos are treated as a recreational facility. It took several years for the facility to build a custom treadmill, but she refused to use it. These are good things for the individuals concerned, but what do zoos actually bring to the table for the visitors and the wider world? There may be educational value in a zoo, but keeping animals in captivity offers an ethical dilemma. If we go to a zoo to look at animals who are not free to roam about, then it is important to remember that a very nice enclosure is still a cage. The modern zoo plays a critical role in education children and families about the different animals with whom we share this planet. A zoo provides a protected environment for endangered animals. Penguins typically endure frigid temperatures with their mating processes, but then get stuck in tropical climates where the only place to cool down might be a small blast freezer. Animals that have been saved from likely extinction by zoos include the Arabian Oryx, Golden Lion Tamarin, Puerto Rican Parrot, and Freshwater mussels. The median pay for this career field is relatively high, as is the potential to feel a direct positive impact from going to work every day. A herd (or memory) of elephants is known to travel between 30-50 kilometers every day. A passion for animal care is a common motive to get into this career, but it helps to understand potential drawbacks as well. They can be called animal parks, menageries, or zoological gardens. Vets also design breeding programs that can help the numbers of a specific animal species to begin recovering. That’s what the challenge of zoos ultimately involves. I have always wanted to be a zoologist but I wasn't always sure of it but now that I'm in High school I'm sure that I want to become one and join the effort of saving wildlife. It merely means we need to pay more attention to the bad and improve them or close them. 9. It is quite common to have offspring created at a zoo to be moved to another zoo, sold to raise money, or in the case of the Giant Panda, used as a financial resource for an entire country. 1. More than 180 million people visit the zoo in the United States each year. Kokemuller has additional professional experience in marketing, retail and small business. One of the best examples of this is the Przewalski horse. Do we go to these facilities to support the scientific and conservation process? Her treatment team brought in a treadmill that could help her get the exercise she needed, but she refused. Quite simply without these efforts there would be fewer species alive today and ecosystems and the world as a whole would be poorer for it. So a good zoo will provide great care and protection to animals in their care. That way they can be more than entertainment. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual income for vet techs in the United States was $29,710 as of May 2010. Your expertise can make the difference between an animal dying or receiving necessary help. Elephants are also migratory animals, so restricting this instinct can cause them to become more aggressive. Handlers must know about their behaviors, their dietary requirements, and the health symptoms that necessitate a call to the on-staff vet. Dirty and muddy conditions are prevalent as well. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. They teach us that humans have the right to enslave animals and reinforce the notion that animals have no other purpose other than for our gain. For starters, you children can have the opportunity to see a variety of animals. Care includes daily feeding and exercise as well as training, habitat maintenance and health monitoring. Moreover, some of these collapses have been sudden, dramatic and unexpected or were simply discovered very late in the day. I’m not pretending that an animal in a zoo is not in captivity, but clearly there is a continuum from zoos and wildlife parks, to game reserves, national parks and protected areas. This is, naturally, what I want to focus on, but it is I hope worth having dealt with the more obvious objections and misapprehensions. This has reduced accidents and attacks, especially when handlers follow established policies and procedures to maintain safety. This was an area where zoos were previously poor and are now increasingly sophisticated in their communication and outreach work. Zookeepers take care of animals in zoos, wildlife preserves and theme parks. This disadvantage can create significant health problems for some animals. Our views about zoos may have changed, but is it still ethical to support animal captivity? I am doing a school report on my future career and this helped so much! What if veterinary care is provided or extra food as in many reserves or as part of conservation projects. While not all animals show affection and appreciation, some do. Maybe there is some middle ground to find. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? For zoos to continue operating, they must go through a rigorous accreditation process that verifies they follow the correct conservation and breeding program procedures. Ota Benga was part of a human exhibit at zoos in the United States as late as 1906, in St. Louis and the Bronx Zoo. Established zoos cater to this attitude and justify it because they need to have funds to further the research or preservation efforts that are taking place.