Had the Macintosh been even a few years later, the world may remember the Lisa more easily. The Lisa 2 and its Mac ROM-enabled sibling the Macintosh XL are the final two releases in the Lisa line, which was discontinued in April 1985. Wegen des hohen Preises von rund 10.000 US-Dollar verkaufte sich der Rechner schlecht, und Apple stellte die Produktion bereits 1984 wieder ein. BYTE credited Wayne Rosing with being the most important person on the development of the computer's hardware until the machine went into production, at which point he became technical lead for the entire Lisa project. Während in den mitgelieferten Originaldokumenten des Lisa OS lediglich von „The Lisa“ die Rede war, wurde von Apple offiziell behauptet, dass es sich bei Lisa um ein Akronym für Local Integrated Software Architecture handle, also „lokale integrierte Softwarearchitektur“. Decades later, Jobs would tell his biographer Walter Isaacson: "Obviously it was named for my daughter.". A working model recently sold for more than $50,000 at auction. Convinced that the Macintosh was near to release, Jobs made a $5,000 bet with the leader of the Lisa group that the Mac would be ready before the Lisa. Der Nachfolger Lisa 2 (1984) wurde Anfang 1985 (nach Einführung … An exception is the Dvorak layout that moves just about every key and thus requires hundreds of extra bytes of precious kernel storage regardless of whether it is needed. It had a far more sophisticated design than the Apple II, but in order to remain compatible with the Apple II, it had to retain the underpowered MOS Tech 6502 processor. Others at PARC had created Alto, a very powerful microcomputer, as powerful as the popular Nova minicomputers available at the time. The OS even had "soft power", remembering what was open and where desktop items were positioned. The new machine was clocked at 8 MHz as opposed to the Lisa and Lisa 2’s 5 MHz. For most of its lifetime, the Lisa never went beyond the original seven applications that Apple had deemed enough to "do everything", although UniPress Software did offer UNIX System III for $495. Feeling really retro today? On December 12, 1980, Apple went public. A significant impediment to third-party software on the Lisa was the fact that, when first launched, the Lisa Office System could not be used to write programs for itself. Feeling really retro today? Considered a commercial failure but with technical acclaim, the Lisa introduced a number of advanced features that would not reappear on the Macintosh or the "PC" platform for many years. Lisa and Macintosh were two distinct Luckily, Apple included a full featured office suite, so most users rarely needed third party software. Apple Lisa war mit einem Preis von 9.995 US-Dollar sehr teuer (in Deutschland etwa 30.000 DM in Österreich 200.000 Schilling, nach heutiger Kaufkraft ca. Low End Mac is funded primarily through donations. The hardware development team was headed by Robert Paratore. . In addition, the Lisa 2's new front faceplate accommodates the reconfigured floppy disk drive, and it includes the new inlaid Apple logo and the first Snow White design language elements. Task-oriented presentation is very helpful for systems that have many programs and a variety of users, such as a language-learning computer lab that caters to those learning a variety of languages. The first consumer computer with a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) display, a GUI (Graphical User Interface), and a mouse, its $10,000 price tag made it anything but successful. The initial excitement of the machine wore off fairly quickly. The mouse was also included and was used to navigate the innovative interface that used a metaphor of a desk. He also writes the blog 512 Pixels and shares a home office with way too many old Macs. LISA OS (Office System) was a true preemptive multitasking operating system. drives hooked up at once on the same interface. It used a Motorola 68000 CPU at a 5 MHz clock rate and had 1 MB RAM. Another important aspect of the Alto was its display. 1983: June - … Stephen is the co-founder of Relay FM, where he hosts several podcasts. . That day, February 25, 1981, became known as Black Wednesday. It was intended to be called the Apple V. Steve Jobs, still the leader of the Lisa team, disparaged the Macintosh project. The complexity of the primarily Pascal-coded Lisa operating system and its associated programs (most notably its office suite) — as well as the ad hoc protected memory implementation (forced by Motorola not having provided an MMU) — is highly-demanding for the CPU (which had no co-processor to speed graphical output) and, to some extent, the storage system. On top of that, Steve Jobs’ insistence that the machine have no fan made for a very hot mainboard. The machine’s manufacturing was also not up to snuff. Später tauchte in der IT-Welt auch das ironisch gemeinte Akronym Let's Invent Some Acronym für LISA auf. The Lisa was a major project at Apple, which reportedly spent more than $50 million on its development. Steve Jobs, der Lisa als Nachfolger des beliebten Apple II entwickeln ließ, hatte die Inspiration dazu bei einem Besuch des Xerox PARC 1979 bekommen, als er den Forschungsrechner Xerox Alto von 1974 sah. Jobs was still not aware of the miracles being born at PARC and did not incorporate those changes into the design of the Lisa. The While it initially only ran from a floppy disk, version 2 added hard drive support. Conceptually, the Lisa resembles the Xerox Star in the sense that it was envisioned as an office computing system. We'll see what happens". The x86 platform's backward compatibility with the CP/M operating system was helpful for the PC, given that many existing business software applications were originally written for CP/M. The first consumer computer with a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) display, a GUI (Graphical User Interface), and a mouse, its $10,000 price tag made it anything but successful.