Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. As far as written records report, “prehistory” dates back between 35,000 BCE and 3000 BCE in the Middle East (2000 BCE in Western Europe). History of Architecture 1 Report by: SR DLS -College of St. Benilde School of Architecture 1st Term S.Y. A couple of decades later (around 1800 BCE), Babylonians took over Mesopotamia and introduced orthogonal geometric plans and courtyards. The capital old Babylon was enlarged and heavily fortified. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. These buildings were small, mainly consisting of a centered square living areas, and added on rooms surrounding the center living area. The location of this nation fell right in between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, where modern day Iraq is located. For this reason, the Mesopotamians opted to use brick and adobe in their architectural foundations.Although the use of lintels (using wooden beams), vaults, and arches, was more common in Egyptian art, these three elements can also be seen in Mesopotamian art, and feature prominently in their architecture. It was one of the first civilizations to roam the earth. How Environmental Change Made Mesopotamian Civilization Evolve. Additionally, the leaders in both regions were believed to be related to the gods because of the great power they held and the wealth under their control. Pottery expanded to the fullest during this time. For example, Egypt is known for its pyramids, while Mesopotamia is known for its temple. Architecture in Egypt and Mesopotamia The laws, customs and the language of Akkad, for instance did not correspond to that of the Babylonians (Oppenheim, 2013). See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The laws, customs and the language of Akkad, for instance did not correspond to that of the Babylonians (Oppenheim, 2013). Assistant Professor Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (found in modern-day Iraq and Iran) sits a fertile land called Mesopotamia. Sumeria Phoenicia Babylonia Elam Media Assyria This included their attitudes towards women as well as their gods. Compare and contrast key characteristics of two early civilizations (choose from Mesopotamian, Shang, Indus Valley, Chavin, and Phoenician) in terms of three of the following: economy, political system, art and architecture, religion, technology, legacy. When you think about ancient architecture, what questions arise? Animals and human-animal hybrids feature in the religions of Mesopotamian cultures and were often used as architectural decoration. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Both are influential and recognizable after so many years and will continue to be for years to come, those questions come without a doubt to mind. Home Mesopotamia Ancient Egypt Indus Valley Civilization and Vedic Period Ancient China ☰ ANCIV. They were dedicated to the patron god and were also used as schools, granaries and trade centers. HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE During 4000 BCE, the Ubaid period began. Sumerians, said to have been the first recorded civilization on Earth (around 4000 BCE), lived on this land and exploited its rivers. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Mesopotamian Art and Architecture. In 539 BCE, the Persian empire took over and combined the architectural and decorative elements of all nations they have conquered into one architecture style, later known as Persian architecture. The Mesopotamian Civilization developed between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris; Ziggurats: Ziggurats were sacred temple-towers. Contrary to other unified civilization like Greece or Egypt, Mesopotamia civilization was a collection of different cultures and the scripts bore their bonds. Name Also like how literature served the purpose of both entertainment and as a mean of transmission of culture from one generation to the next, architecture too was used for more than just infrastructure. Because of this the soil was very rich which caused great agriculture. Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users. The Mesopotamian and Chavín, Most societies that developed in ancient civilizations were centered around their belief systems. Architecture and designs, Civilizations are radical states of human society that include a high level of culture, morals, knowledge, manufacturing, and government. Spanning from the 10th millennium BC to the 6th century BC, the architecture of Mesopotamia encompasses several distinct cultures and primarily existed in the region of the Tigris-Euphrates river system (also known as Mesopotamia). 10 min read. Short articles on the history of architecture. This stage of Mesopotamian life gives one a prime example of a successful civilization.