The remarkable effort successfully rescued about 750 enslaved men, women and children. Named after Harriet Tubman’s 1863 Combahee River Raid, and the 1970s radical black feminist organization of survivor -activists, the Combahee River Collective, this project builds on a longstanding legacy of resistance, healing Raid of Second South Carolina Volunteers (Col. Montgomery) among the rice plantations on the Combahee, S.C. -- A Typical Negro [text] -- Gordon as he entered our lines -- Gordon under medical inspection -- Gordon in his uniform as a U.S. soldier. [3], Slaves working in the fields were wary when they first saw the approaching Union ships and troops. By 1862, however, she left her home in Auburn, New York to work in the Union-occupied Hilton Head area of South Carolina as a nurse and spy during the Civil War.  In 1863, Colonel James Montgomery asked her to lead a secret military mission against Confederates in South Carolina.  With the support of Union gunboats, she and members of the 2nd South Carolina Volunteers traveled into Confederate territory to free enslaved people and destroy wealthy rice plantations. Tubman had gained vital information about the location of rebel torpedoes planted along the river from slaves who were willing to trade information for freedom. There are numerous newspaper accounts of the raid and comments by the commanding officers. Moving further into the Combahee River, it narrowed a bit and the pull of the tide and push of the wind lessened. Because of this information, Tubman was able to steer the Union ships away from any danger. They held 300 men from the 2nd South Carolina, commanded by Colonel Montgomery, with Company C of the 3rd Rhode Island Heavy Artillery manning the ships' guns. At one of these meetings they chose their name based off of the Combahee River raid of 1863 led by Harriet Tubman. Combahee River Raid - 150th Anniversary This weekend the Lowcountry commemorates the 150th anniversary of the Combahee River Raid. Col. James Montgomery led the expedition. The Union ships transported more than 750 slaves freed by the raid, many of whom joined the Union Army. At first, many of the slaves were frightened by the Union soldiers’ presence, but Tubman was able to convince them to come aboard. On June 2, 1863, Harriet Tubman led 150 black Union soldiers, who were part of the U.S. 2nd South Carolina Volunteers, in the Combahee River Raid and liberated more than 700 enslaved people. Meanwhile, a company of the 2nd South Carolina under Captain Carver landed two miles above Fields Point near a small earthwork at Tar Bluff and deployed into position. Only one soldier died in the raid, according to Jeff W. Grigg, author of “The Combahee River Raid: Harriet Tubman & Lowcountry Liberation.” As … Wheaton, IL 60189 + Google Map. It was the site of an important military incident during that conflict, the Raid at Combahee Ferry . His brand of warfare, honed under the tutelage of Gen. James Lane, subsequently would be used in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The map now contains brown squares outlining nearby US Topo Map quadrants. Most of Beaufort County subsequently was occupied by Union forces. It says … Combahee River Raid On June 1-2, 1863, a Federal Force consisting of elements of the 2nd S.C. Volunteer Infantry (an African- American unit) and the 3rd Rhode Island Artillery conducted a raid up the Confederate-held Combahee River. In the early morning hours of June 2, 1863, Union troops based at Port Royal, South Carolina conducted a daring raid up the Combahee River, which winds inland from Port Royal Sound. [9], The location of the Combahee River Raid was identified to state and Federal officials as a result of a bridge replacement project across the Combahee River on today's South Carolina Highway 17. Due to the efforts in planning and intelligence that was provided by Tubman and her contacts, more than 750 slaves found their freedom as a result of Montgomery's raid. There is a good public landing just north In an attempt to remedy that, Colonel James Montgomery led a raid up the Combahee River on June 2 to gather recruits and punish the plantations. Gen. Rufus Saxton stated, "This is the only military command in American history wherein a woman, black or white, led the raid and under whose inspiration it was originated and conducted."[8]. The Raid at Combahee Ferry was a military operation conducted on June 1 and June 2, 1863, by elements of the Union Army along the Combahee River in Beaufort and Colleton counties in southeast South Carolina during the American Civil War. The Union would not threaten the region again until the march through the Carolinas by General William T. Sherman in early 1865. Together, the two planned a raid along the Combahee River, to rescue enslaved people, recruit freed men into the Union Army and obliterate some of the wealthiest rice plantations in the region. She is currently writing Combee: Harriet Tubman, the Combahee River Raid, and the Construction of Gullah Geechee Identity, which chronicles an important microcosm of creolization using the experiences of Blacks enslaved on Check fish species, best fishing lures and baits and see comments by other SC Fish Finder users. The houses, mills, and outbuildings were all destroyed. On June 2, 1863, Harriet Tubman led 150 black Union soldiers, who were part of the U.S. 2nd South Carolina Volunteers, in the Combahee River Raid and liberated more than 700 enslaved people. However, they did not respond quickly to the unfolding raid. Soldiers from the 34th U.S.C.T were carried up the Ashepoo on the steamer Boston. We decided to get a move on; our boat was just up the river around the bend at Fields Landing. All donations are tax deductible. Union Naval forces had captured Port Royal in November of 1861. ... and start going up the Combahee River, where the raid really started. On the evening of June 1, three small U.S. Navy ships (the Sentinel, Harriet A. Weed, and John Adams) left Beaufort headed for the Combahee. I fish the Combahee River a lot. The name of the Collective comes from the Combahee River Raid of June 1863, which was led by Harriet Tubman and freed hundreds of enslaved people. As the Union ship approached, several mounted Confederates rode over the bridge and across the causeway in the direction of Green Pond. Mcpherson & Oliver, photographer. They took their name, the Combahee River Collective, from a book Smith owned detailing the historic raid on Combahee River and the instrumental part … Colonel Breeden arrived with a few guns and opened fire on the retiring Union troops headed back across the causeway. Shortly after leaving Beaufort, the Sentinel ran aground in St. Helena Sound. By the time Confederate forces learned of the raid, much of the damage had been done.  Hundreds of slaves, including women and children, were able to escape.  A company of Confederate troops was sent to challenge the raiders, but they were not successful. The Combahee River area was the site of battles between the Native Americans and … On the evening of June 1, three small U.S. Navy ships (the Sentinel, Harriet A. Weed, and John Adams) left Beaufort headed for the Combahee. 2005 Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872.