Prepositions of place are used to tell where things, persons or animal are. Let's look at a couple of sample sentences to see how the preposition relates one element of a sentence to another. Just like in English, prepositions connect words together and often focus on direction, place, or time. – Vamos a Atlanta el viernes (We go to Atlanta on Friday) – Fuimos a San Francisco (We went to San Francisco), Connect one verb to an infinitive (not translated directly), – Voy a jugar (I’m going to play) – Aprendí a escribir (I learned to write), – Fue a pie (She went on foot) – Lo hacen a mano (They do it by hand) – Escribían a lápiz (They used to write with a pencil), Introduce a person – the “personal a” in Spanish, which has no direct English translation, – ¿Conociste a Tim? personalized lessons. Now let’s take a closer look at these three Spanish prepositions. This game concentrates on your ability to recognize and understand spoken Spanish. However, sobre can also mean “about” or “envelope,” depending on the context. In other words, prepositions create a unique relationship between two other words. What Are Prepositions in Spanish? A simple and very common preposition such as en, for example, can be translated not only as "in"—the most common translation—but also as "to," "by," and "about," among others. Let’s go over the three most important prepositions: Prepositions in Spanish are mostly used the same way in Spanish as they are in English. – Sara es la más alta de todos los alumnos del sexto grado (Sara is the tallest of all 6th grade students) – Hay menos de cinco personas en la clase del profesor Angel (There are less than five in professor Angel’s class). To specify that something is literally on top of another object, you can use encima de or sobre. There are simple prepositions, which are usually one word, and … El regalo está encima de la cama. HSA offers Spanish curricula for all ages. To practice saying “on” in Spanish, start with en and encima de. It can be used to: There are also many common phrases that begin with en: SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Required fields are marked *. As the prefix pre in the word preposition suggests, prepositions precede the word or words they link. Let’s start at the beginning… Before we dive in too deep with what the Spanish prepositions are and how we use them, let’s take a step back and review what prepositions are. The difference between each preposition in Spanish can be hard to understand at first, but with practice, you’ll soon be a master. It is used when the direct object of a verb is an animal … Here, Spanish tutor Jason N. shows you how to use prepositions to connect words together and create simple sentences…. I walked by the school. Voy para adentro. This is a vital skill in mastering basic Spanish and being able to use it in real life situations ( like talking to Spanish people in Spanish !! Prepositions in Spanish are not too different from ones in English. Now, if you’re wondering how Spanish speakers know whether an object is “on” or “in” something, you’re not alone! There are simple prepositions, which consist of only one word, and compound prepositions, which consist of multiple words. Again, start with just en and dentro de so you don’t get overwhelmed with so many Spanish prepositions. El regalo está en la cama. There are simple prepositions, which are usually one word, and compound prepositions, which are typically multiple words. Let’s get started! Your email address will not be published. To help differentiate these extra prepositions, encima de means specifically “on top of,” while sobre means “on” or “over.”. However, if you can study the list of verbs that works with prepositions, you’ll be able to speak correctly this beautiful language. Hello, my Spanish students! The following list shows the most common ones along with meanings and sample sentences. Conversational Spanish for Kids of All Ages: Your Starter Kit, How to Talk About Your Spanish Class in Spanish, Spanish Stories & Practice: Spanish Reading Comprehension Series: A2, 10 Spanish Alphabet Songs for Kids Who Love to Dance, 15 Amazingly Popular Spanish Songs for Kindergarten. They show the location of something related to something else. In Spanish, prepositions come before the noun they are associated with, and never come at the end of a sentence. This will improve your ability to recongnize spoken Spanish words, phrases and short sentences without the help of the written text. Dedicate yourself to learning, but most importantly, have fun! Generally speaking, a preposition is a type of word that expresses a relation to another word or element in the clause. The phone is by the window. It is best to listen to the audio together with the written texts in the topic lesson before you attempt this game. Al lado de literally means “to the side of,” and junto a means “together to.” Both of these prepositions mean “by,” or more specifically “beside” or “next to.”. Sign up today and see for yourself! – Atlanta es la capital de Georgia (Atlanta is the capitol of Georgia) – La clase de Jason (Jason’s class), – Están cansados de manejar (They are tired from driving) – Estamos contentos de nuestro hijo (We are happy with our son), – Él es de México (He is from Mexico) – Soy es el más inteligente de mi clase (I am the most intelligent of my class), Describe a noun with another noun or infinitive (of), – Una taza de café (A cup of coffee) – El jugo de toronja (Grapefruit juice). To help differentiate these extra prepositions, encima de means specifically “on top of,” while sobre means “on” or “over.”. Keep your ears peeled for how native speakers use these words in conversation. I absolutely love languages and am always learning a new one. So, the correct answer in Spanish would be: “estar enamorado/a de”: Finally, here you have our video about Spanish prepositions quiz! ). There are occasional "flower bonuses" available which will take 5 seconds off your time. – Caminé por la escuela. Bonus: Learn more about Spanish comparisons here! LEARN MORE >. Schedule classes on any day of the week – you can take them on your own, or share a class and save money! It is used to form a phrase and that phrase, in turn, functions as an adjective or adverb. But, be careful, this list is just a sample.