The Moynihan Report, also known as “The Negro Family: The Case for National Action,” is published and released by government officials. This is a timeline of the African-American history in what is now the United States, from 1565 to the present. Femi Lewis is a writer and educator who specializes in African American history topics, including enslavement, activism, and the Harlem Renaissance. January 11 – Rioting over court-ordered admission of first two African Americans (, May 14 – The Freedom Riders' bus is attacked and burned outside of, May 17 – Nashville students, coordinated by, May 21 – Dr. King, the Freedom Riders, and congregation of 1,500 at Reverend, May 29 – Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, citing the 1955 landmark ICC ruling in. Founded as the African Institute in February 1837 and renamed the Institute of Coloured Youth (ICY) in April 1837 and now known as, June 1 – Isabella Baumfree, a former slave, changes her name to, May 2 – The first North American military unit with African-American officers is the, May 24 – General Benjamin Butler refuses to extradite three escaped slaves, declaring them. Turner and her child were murdered after she publicly denounced the, October – Negro National Congress meets at the, August 21 – Five African-American men recruited and trained by African-American attorney. 21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem Renaissance. September 30 – Integration of a high school in Milford, Delaware collapses when white students boycott classes. What happened in the early 1960s in black communities? Period: Jan 1, 1862 to Dec 31 , 1962. National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states cannot ban interracial marriage in the. May 30 – The National Negro Committee chooses "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" as its organization name. April 7 – Ministers John Thomas Porter, Nelson H. Smith and A. D. King lead a group of 2,000 marchers to protest the jailing of movement leaders in Birmingham. January 19 – Federal Appeals court overturns Virginia's closure of the schools in Norfolk; they reopen January 28 with 17 black students. Washington D.C. 124, 88th Cong., 1st session) his proposed Civil Rights Act. Through 1877, whites attack black and white Republicans to suppress voting. June 4 – Angela Davis acquitted of all charges. 26 Key African American Historical Events: 1865 to 1869. That's why a boxing match and desegregation of public schools made the list of most shocking events in black history. August 1 – Georgia Board of Education fires all black teachers who are members of the NAACP. What is the oldest Black college in the United States? Plus, when a black athlete topped a white one, it validated the idea that African Americans were indeed equal to all men. September 1–2 – Race rioting in Hartford, CT and Camden, NJ. May 26 – Circuit Judge Walter B. Jones issues an injunction prohibiting the. The Poor People’s Campaign galvanizes 50,000 demonstrators to Washington D.C. After winning first and third place respectively at the Olympics in Mexico City, Tommy Smith and John Carlos raise clenched fists in solidarity with other African-Americans. May 24 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that. 100 things that you did not know about Africa 1. Renee Powell joins the Ladies Professional Golf Association Tour, becoming the first African-American woman to participate in this capacity. December 16 – Dr. King is arrested at an Albany, Georgia demonstration. 1 on the Pop Charts. The 1850s: A Turbulent Decade for African Americans, How Black Americans Achieved Greatness in the 1890s. Why did African-Americans attend HBCU during the Jim Crow Era? varied – White Democrats regain power in many southern state legislatures and pass the first, Spring – Thousands of African Americans refuse to live under segregation in the South and migrate to. The first Black Studies program is established at San Francisco State University. What Did African Americans Achieve Between 1900 and 1909? On March 7, an estimated 600 civil rights activists held a march from Selma to Montgomery protesting the denial of African-American voting rights in the state. Governor, March 9 – New York police officers shoot 16-year-old, June 25 – The U.S. Supreme Court overturns part of the 1965 Voting Rights Act in, July 13 – George Zimmerman acquitted, provoking nationwide protests. Martin Luther King Jr., Civil Rights Leader, African American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799, The 'Big Six' Organizers of the Civil Rights Movement, Biography of John Lewis, Civil Rights Activist and Politician, Bloody Sunday and the Fight for Voting Rights in Selma, African-American History from 1950 to 1959, African-American History Timeline: 1990 - 1999, Black History and Women Timeline 1960-1969, 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing: History and Legacy, African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989, African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964, Biography of Diane Nash, Civil Rights Leader and Activist, M.S.Ed, Secondary Education, St. John's University, M.F.A., Creative Writing, City College of New York, Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City. May 11–12 – Double bombing in Birmingham, probably conducted by the KKK in cooperation with local police, May 24 – A group of Black leaders (assembled by. February 26 – Segregated transportation facilities, both interstate and intrastate, ruled unconstitutional by U.S. Supreme Court. October 13 – Angela Davis captured in New York City. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans. October 13 – Controversial election results in approval of, March 3 – Congress passes the bill that forms the, Southern states pass Black Codes that restrict the. Rayfield, Chief of Police of the City of Jackson, Northern City Site of Most Violent Negro Demonstrations, "A Brief History of the Civil Rights Act of 1964", "The History Place, Great Speeches Collection, Lyndon B. Johnson, "We Shall Overcome, "Movement Revision Research Summary Regarding James Bevel" by Randy Kryn, October 2005, "Changing Channels – The Civil Rights Case That Transformed Television, page 2", "Bob Jones University v. United States, 461 U.S. 574 (1983)", "CNN: Bob Jones University ends ban on interracial dating", "CNN: Obama: I will be the Democratic nominee", "Transcript: 'This is your victory,' says Obama", "Authorities investigate apparent suicide at Waller County Jail", "Title VIII: Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity - HUD", Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History, University of Southern Mississippi's Civil Rights Documentation Project, Civil Rights Movement Veterans movement timeline, African American and African Pamphlet Collection, John F. Kennedy's speech to the nation on Civil Rights, Chicago Freedom Movement/Chicago open housing movement, Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, Council for United Civil Rights Leadership, Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, List of lynching victims in the United States, Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument, A House Divided: Denmark Vesey's Rebellion, Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_African-American_history&oldid=990463590, History of civil rights in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The first record of Africans in English colonial America when men were brought at first to, Both free and enslaved African Americans fought in, Non-Importation Agreements – The First Continental Congress creates a multi-colony agreement to forbid importation of anything from British merchants. Robert Weaver becomes the first African-American to hold a cabinet post when Lyndon Johnson appoints him to head the Department of Housing and Urban Development. January 9 – Phi Beta Sigma fraternity was founded at Howard University, Ferenc M. Szasz, "The New York Slave Revolt of 1741: A Re-Examination,", John K. Thornton, "African dimensions of the Stono rebellion,", "Tear Gas Used to Stall Florida Negroes, Drive Continues, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "James L. Bevel The Strategist of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement" by Randall L. Kryn, a paper in, Slavery in the colonial history of the United States, Historically black colleges and universities, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, National Black Caucus of State Legislators, Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage, Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War, District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, distribution of "not more than forty acres", Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, African Americans in the United States Congress, Cotton States and International Exposition.