When you don’t work in the industry every day, structural and civil engineering terminologies can be confusing. 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WGI is a dynamic organization with opportunities nationwide for engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects, environmental scientists, and architects. Created by. Sign up. Sign up. Beam: a structural member designed to resist bending; usually horizontal. Slab on grade is a concrete slab poured straight on the ground whether it is natural ground or imported fill. Stress: is the measure of internal force within a body, defined as the amount of force per unit area. The weld should be a continuous (not-ending) fillet weld. Your email address will not be published. Your email address will not be published. A stringer is the structural beam that supports the treads of a stair. A purlin is a roof member much like a rafter except that purlins run directly under roof cladding without roof battens. Extra strength is achieved by increasing the height of the slab above the ground with resultant deeper internal strip footings and edge beams. The amout of force applied per unit area. The change in a material due to stress but the material can return to its original shape when the stress is removed. The advantages of mass timber include reduced building weight (and thus smaller foundations), ease and speed of erection, reduced carbon footprint, and attractive finish appearance. Roofs and bridges are applications for which trusses are well suited. Truss: a structure composed of straight members connected in triangles, requiring no bending resistance in principle as the member forces are purely axial. Span: the distance between the centres of supports for a beam or truss. We have therefore created a list below of our most common questions. As an Amazon Associate, Archtoolbox earns from qualifying purchases. A main horizontal, primary structure member spanning between two main supports which carries other members or vertical loads. Imposed Load: the load imparted to a structure by the objects that it supports, such as people, furniture, vehicles and so on. Comment with a structural engineering term that we missed and we’ll add it to our website. With some resilience and toughness, you won't crack under the strain of learning these structural engineering terms. You’ve been searching for a place like WGI. Foundation: the part of a structure that transfers the forces in the building into the ground. A horizontal structure component that is designed to resist compression, bending, shear and torsion forces. Class M soil (in Australia) is a classification that indicates a soil is M oderately responsive to changes in soil moisture conditions.. Find out more about soil classifications in this article. Search engineering dictionary: Browse by letter: A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W; X; Y; Z These benefits are helping mass timber quickly to make inroads in the US market after proving successful elsewhere in the world, especially in Europe and Canada. Enter your zip code, and we’ll personalize your experience with local projects, office locations, team members, and more. The weight of the materials in the structure itself and all mahor architectural or product features. Sticks of timber used to visually graded and assessed by a person that worked in the sawmill. Depending on the location of your building, the DuraGal might need extra corrosion protection. We also wrote an article about DuraGal that you might like to read. Spell. If you have a terminology that you’re stuck on, contact us and let us know to add it to the list. All structural elements deflect to some degree – even if they are strong enough to carry the loads safely – but part of good structural design involves predicting the amount of deflection and coordinating with the architect to ensure that it does not cause non-safety-related issues (like cracking, sticking doors, leaking windows, etc.). Structural Engineering Terminologies. What it is not: The invisible stone bridge Indiana Jones uses to cross the abyss in The Last Crusade. (So tempted to put a picture of Brad Pitt here!) It's free and takes five seconds. Flashcards. The sheer scope of structural engineering work isn’t easily summed up in one sentence. The strength of the waffle slab comes from reinforcement in the bottom of the internal strip footings and the 300mm wide perimeter edge beam (bottom reinforcement) and mesh reinforcement in the slab (top reinforcement) . A twisting force where two opposing forces rotate in opposite directions. WGI is providing ongoing services for multiple projects at the Ala Moana Center, located between Honolulu Harbor and Waikiki on the island of Oahu in Hawaii. Dead Load: the force on a structure resulting from the weight of the structure itself. What it is not: A defensive play in basketball. Structural Engineering Terms Share | Architect. Engineering vocabulary, Engineering word list - a free resource used in over 40,000 schools to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek roots. G.I. Simply cut the length of strap you need from the rool. RFI stands for Request For Information. In tension, the strain is shown by the material stretching, for example. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What it is: Concrete masonry unit. Flexible Design provides the framework for anticipating disruptive trends & impacts. We also earn commissions from qualifying purchases at GBES.com. Yes. What it is not: A reference to forests in Massachusetts. Moment: a measure of force causing a turning effect due an offset distance between the line of action and reaction. For deflection calculations, the unfactored load is used. What it is: Building Information Modeling—in short, a 3-dimensional digital model of a space, which can integrate information about many different physical and functional characteristics and systems. In large construction projects where tight documentation control is needed but some information is missing on the drawings, the builder issues an RFI to the architect or engineer or designer and receives a written answer that is kept in an RFI register. Other imposed loads are caused by snow on roofs, for example. Limiting deflection to an appropriate value is often the governing consideration in design of buildings, to ensure serviceability in use. It often spans from one floor level up to the next. The piece or pieces of timber that sit on top of wall studs to make up the top of a timber frame wall. Much more information on mass timber is available online from reThinkWood. Stress. The advantages of waffle slabs are they are quick and easy to construct. If the water level drops you know you have a leak in the bucket. However, structural engineering has grown by such proportions, it is now considered as an engineering discipline on its own. When you don’t work in the industry every day, structural and civil engineering terminologies can be confusing. They have the tools and experience required to repoint brickwork. Commonly (though erroneously) known as “cinder blocks”, these manufactured units come in a variety of standard sizes and are laid up like bricks and mortared together to form walls, with or without steel reinforcement (rebar). An explanation of some of the terms Cornell Engineers use in structural engineering: Class M Soil. V stick-framed construction in mixed-use and multi-family buildings. What it is: Post-tensioned concrete. A permanent change in a material due to stress. We prefer sewer flood tests over camera inspections of pipework as an initial test. Test. The internal strips of concrete are normally about 110mm wide and are about 1000mm apart.