Diffen LLC, n.d. In addition, the internet business model based on monetization of “hits” has created an online environment in which headlines have become more sensationalized and objective news lies alongside, and has become conflated with, subjective opinion. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. A New Personality Test Also Gauges Mental Health, How to Heal From the Loss of a Relationship, Psychology Today © 2020 Sussex Publishers, LLC, The Many Faces of Stress During the COVID-19 Pandemic. The El País Semanal article was never published, but here's the full interview nonetheless (the questions have been lightly edited for clarity):► Although ‘Flat Earthers’ have existed for decades, recently there has been a rise in the number of stories and voices that defend this idea. Learning Outcomes. The Relationship Between Anger and Vulnerability, View of Moon Limb with Earth on the Horizon, NASA (1969). The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. For example, imagine that everyone else also finds the chair in the middle of the room to be beautiful. By this we mean, for example, that our probabilities of mutually exclusive events must add up to 1 (say in horse racing, the probabilities we give the different horses should all add up to one, because one, and only one, horse will win). Also, cancer serves as a population control mechanism. Posted May 28, 2019 When the findings wouldn’t go away, he had to change the theory to match the data — that kind of slogging through the scientific method is what got him the Nobel Prize.For more on Flat Earthers, see my other blog posts: But this is an example — one of many — of how our subjective perception doesn’t always reflect objective reality and can get us into real trouble. 2. Keep in mind that flat earthers don’t just question or deny that the Earth is flat, which by itself doesn’t sound so crazy and in any event has little practical consequence in our daily lives. Wood MJ, Douglas KM, Sutton RM. What if that is the opposite of what really surrounds us. Thus, subjectivism can come in either an individualistic form or a social form. Laser and mirror experiments on lakes and other bodies of water demonstrate no curvature where there should be some 40 feet or in some cases several miles. 1. I only know that the evidence points to deception. Rejecting all that, flat earthers move beyond denialism into actually believing in a global conspiracy involving not only NASA, but all the countries of the world that have space programs themselves (to what end, it’s not clear). Research has shown that belief in one conspiracy theory predicts belief in others1 (even when they are contradictory2) — this highlights how conspiracy theorists aren’t really skeptics but have a pervasive mistrust of conventional belief that draws them in a different direction altogether. Or something like that. “Trust in your own personal truth” is a mantra that seems to be popular these days, but that can be disastrous advice — just think of the person high on drugs who thinks they can fly or the man who entered the Comet Ping Pong pizzeria with a rifle in 2016 because he had to “investigate” whether it was a front for a Hillary Clinton-affiliated child pornography ring. Here are some examples of objective and subjective statements: A popular thought experiment asks this hypothetical question: if a tree falls in a forest and there is no one to hear it, does it make a sound? It is often considered ill-suited for scenarios like news reporting or decision making in business or politics. The objective reality in this scenario is that the tree did fall in the forest and made a sound. ► Does the belief in the flatness of Earth have to do with delusional/illusory perception or is it more like a healthy expression of skepticism (or something in between)? Psychologically, we know that it can be normal to believe things that aren’t true, especially when we’re blindly following our personal experience. But here is what I think is the strongest possibility: They are hiding more land, a lot more. The chair is placed in a museum and admired by thousands of art critics who come to see the beautiful chair. The easiest example is the question of morality: it's very, very common for religious apologists to argue that only their beliefs provide an objective foundation for morality. Understanding that the die-hard flat earthers are really “round earth conspiracy theorists” helps us to appreciate that their beliefs have little to do with healthy skepticism. Back in 2017, I was interviewed by the Spanish newspaper El País Semanal about Flat Earthers, based on my first blog post about flat earthers, "Flat Earthers: Belief, Skepticism, and Denialism." Subjective data is different from objective data, which is the data medical professionals obtain through observations by seeing, hearing, smelling and touching. Myths can be an important source of meaning in the face of uncertainty but can get us into trouble when substituted for facts based on good evidence.► Some people claim that you can only find groundbreakers amongst those who deny commonly accepted facts. What Do Guys Think of Other Guys' Beards? The QAnon Conspiracy Theory: Mistrust and Mass Appeal, Understanding the Psychology of Conspiracy Theories: Part 2. Of course, it’s also worth reminding ourselves that some of the true groundbreakers in science — like Pythagoras, Kepler, and Copernicus to name a few — helped us move beyond once commonly accepted beliefs such as the Earth being flat or being situated at the center of the universe. Do Flat-Earthers explain why we're all being conned into thinking the Earth is round? “Skepticism” is a term with which flat earthers and other conspiracy theorists might identify, but often they’re not being merely skeptical of evidence, but outright rejecting of facts. Is this a typo? There are a lot of people in the research and medical care fields that are making a living off searching for a cure and caring for people with cancer. But this is not the case, due to an ingenious argument which lays (only) one reasonable condition on the possible degrees of beliefs we can hold: they must 'cohere' in the sense of following the mathematical laws of probability. Unless we’ve been into outer space, most of us see the Earth by standing upon it, where our perspective suggests a flat horizon. 23 Nov 2020. We have seen in The logical view: probability as objective degree of belief that "logical" probability, defined as a degree of belief which it is rational and objective to hold given the available evidence, can give rise to some contradictory results. Why Do False Flag Conspiracy Theories Follow Mass Shootings? We are taught to believe in the vast emptiness of outer space, where the hint of traces water -- is worth all our hope and focus. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Subjective vs Objective." What if abundance abounds in directions we have been brainwashed not to imagine we can go. ► Flat Earthers: Belief, Skepticism, and Denialism “The article suffers from subjective interpretations of data, and we reject it from publication in … The Psychology of the Physical Bookstore Experience. We might just be a controlled territory in a much bigger place. Reality is a social construct, a common denominator of the subjective experiences and perceptions of society forms our reality. The so-called 'Dutch book' argument is only one way of showing that any reasonable beliefs should be quantified according to the laws of probability - essentially we derive these laws through appeals to rational behaviour, rather than assuming them as mathematical 'truths'. If we take the idea of betting further, then we can imagine that there are plenty of situations where we would simply not be inclined to bet on anything, even hypothetically. So, modern Flat Earth theories are hardly ground-breaking — on the contrary, they’re regressive. Here are some examples of objective and subjective statements: "47% of Americans pay no federal income tax. However, subjective probability does not base its probability on quantitative information, is affected by personal beliefs, and contains no formal calculations.