Who Was Hippocrates and Why Is He Still Relevant. To look up a philosopher you know the name of, click on the first letter of their last name. One of the most important existential works, and works of this century in general, The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays lays out Camus’ ‘Absurdism’. * We have published more than 500 articles, all seeking directly or indirectly to answer this question. Who Were the Great Greek and Roman Philosophers and Mathematicians? Since 2008, The-Philosophy.com acts for the diffusion of the philosophical thoughts. Machiavelli's Life, Philosophy, and Influence. Along with Socrates and Plato, he laid much of the foundation of Western philosophy. Depressing at first, like a lot of existential writing it has light at the end of the tunnel. Dating back from the pre-historic era of the Greek philsophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Socrates and Epictetus, who simplified the complex phenomenon of the stars, the galaxies, the planets, geography of the world, and provided a basic outline of legal, moral, economic and political spectrum for later great philosophers such as Immanuel Kant, René Descartes, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Nietzsche to further … Any student of philosophy will want to be familiar with key figures like Plato, Kant, Descartes, Locke, Nietzsche, Marx, Confucius, Sartre; as well as great works such as The Republic, Beyond Good and Evil, Meditations, and more. Summary of "The Woman Destroyed" by Simone de Beauvoir, Nietzsche's "The Use And Abuse Of History", The Immorality of Escaping Prison: Guide to Plato's 'Crito'. It begins with a meditation on suicide; the question of living or not living in a universe devoid of order or meaning. Aristotle (384–322 B.C.) The founding principle of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment, source of the questions. To find philosophers by core area, field, major philosophical tradition, ethnicity, or time periods, see the subheadings further below. Some schools of thought are still represented in contemporary philosophical thought while others have been left dormant for over 2000 years. Philosophy. Bks. Before being a field of study, it is above all a way of seeing the world, of questioning it. Rembrandt’s Philosopher in Meditation, a classical view of philosophy isolated from the world. Understanding Plato's Allegory of the Cave. It beautifully illustrates the intense phenomenon of being, the conundrum of coming face-to-face with the absurdity and contingency of existence, and the urgency to create meaning for … Who Were the Most Important Thinkers From Ancient Greece? Who Was the Pre-Socratic Philosopher Anaximenes? Plato (Bk. Below you will find a comprehensive list of great philosophers and links to their philosophy, their quotes, or their major philosophical works. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_important_publications_in_philosophy The Works of Aristotle. Independent from any institution or philosophical thought, the site is maintained by a team of former students in human sciences, now professors or journalists. Etymologically, philosophy means love of wisdom. They stand as major philosophers and to this day are still read by philosophy students because of their contributions to the field and history of philosophy. Later, he went on to tutor Alexander the Great. The columns of the site are open to external contributions. Know first of all that there is no single answer to this question. He contributed a critical body of work to the school of thought called liberalism, an ideology founding on the extension of individual liberties and economic freedoms. ), Paul E. Meehl, "Theoretical Risks and Tabular Asterisks: Sir Karl, Sir Ronald, and the Slow Progress of Soft Psychology", 1992, John McDowell, "Non-Cognitivism and Rule-Following", 1981, Donald Davidson, "On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme", 1973, Paul Benacerraf, "What Numbers Could not Be", 1965, Paul Benacerraf, "Mathematical Truth", 1973, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 02:31. The alphabetical list of philosophers is so large it had to be broken up into several pages. This is a list of important publications in philosophy, organized by field. As such, Mill himself advocated strongly for the preserving of individual rights and called for limitations to the power and authority of the state over the individual. ", 1981. What Did Plato and Aristotle Say About Women? The-Philosophy.com - 2008-2019, Presocratic Philosophy of Heraclitus and Parmenides, Stuart Mill Philosophy: Interest, Economics and Politics. Summary and Analysis of Plato's 'Euthyphro', What You Should Know About the Philosopher Plato, Summary and Analysis of The Wall by Jean Paul Sartre, A Summary of Sartre's 'The Transcendence of the Ego', All About Epicurus' Philosophy of Pleasure. What Did Aristotle and Plato Say About the Family? Any student of philosophy will want to be familiar with key figures like Plato, Kant, Descartes, Locke, Nietzsche, Marx, Confucius, Sartre; as well as great works such as The Republic, Beyond Good and Evil, Meditations, and more. Student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great, he founded Lyceum, the school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. The History of philosophy is as rich as it is complex. Important Philosophers and Their Works. Here is an overview of great philosophers and major schools of thought that have punctuated the long history of philosophy from Ancient Greece to the Modern World. 1, early period. Famous Greek philosopher and scientist, Aristotle, made significant contributions to various fields of science and arts of his era–logic, biology, politics, economics, ethics and aesthetics. We’ve sorted the philosophical schools of thought by period (Antiquity / Middle Ages / Modernity / Contemporary) for easier visibility on and clearer understanding of the currents in the history of philosophy. 'New Confucianism is perhaps the most influential form of Confucian philosophy in the twentieth century: The following essay, published on New Year’s Day 1958, is often referred to as the "New Confucian Manifesto" (even though that particular phrase never occurs in it). British economist, public servant, and philosopher John Stuart Mill is considered a linchpin of modern social and political theory. Camus ultimately reaffirms the value of … Then, philosophy related to the activity of argue rationally about astonishment. Sold for €160 via Bubb Kuyper (May 2016). Nausea, on the other hand, shows Sartre’s writing at its best. Considered one of the greatest thinkers in politics, psychology, and ethics, Aristotle learned from Plato after enrolling in his Academy at age seventeen. The site thus covers the main philosophical traditions, from the Presocratic to the contemporary philosophers, while trying to bring a philosophical reading to the cultural field in general, such as cinema, literature, politics or music. Powered by WordPress. The publications on this list are regarded as important because they have served or are serving as one or more of the following roles: Hermeticism has philosophical as well as a religious and esoteric aspect. Julien Josset, founder. The-Philosophy helps high-school & university students but also curious people on human sciences to quench their thirst for knowledge. Few people make it through Jean-Paul Sartre’s most famous work Being and Nothingness from cover to cover because it’s dreadfully heavy and convoluted in places. share. ', Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men, Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind, Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments, The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm, Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life, An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economic Science, On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems, The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences, A Manifesto for a Re-appraisal of Sinology and Reconstruction of Chinese Culture, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Parmenides (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)", "Eirik Harris' translation of "Manifesto on Behalf of Chinese Culture," by Mou Zongsan et al", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Annotated Bibliography on Analysis, Contemporary Philosophy of Mind: An Annotated Bibliography, Concurrent / parallel / distributed computing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_important_publications_in_philosophy&oldid=987761743, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.